Ludwig IV. of Hesse and by Rhine

Born Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Karl, Prince of Hesse and by Rhine, succeded his uncle as Ludwig IV. Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine in 1877.

Son of Karl, Prince of Hesse and by Rhine (1809-1877) and Elisabeth, Princess of Prussia (1815-1885).

Born: Darmstadt, Hesse 12.Sep 1837


  1. Osborne House, Isle of Wight 1. Jul 1862  Alice, Princess of the United Kingdom (1843-1878), daughter of Albert, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1819-1861) and Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1819-1901).

  2. (morg.) Darmstadt 30. Apr 1884 (ann. 1884) Alexandrina Hutten-Czapska, cr. Gräfin von Romrod (Warsaw 3. Sep 1854-Vevey 8. May 1941). She had been married firstly to Alexander Kolemin, Russian chargé d’affaires in Darmstadt.

Issue of first marriage:

Died: Darmstadt 13. Mar 1892

Marlene A. Eilers ”Queen Victoria’s Descendants”, Rosvall Royal Books 1997;  Alison Weir: “Britain’s Royal Families”, Vintage Books 2008; Detlev Schwennicke "Europäische Stammtafeln. Neue Folgen", Vol. III/1, 1983, Verlag J. A. Stargaardt.